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2020版高考英语大一轮复*Module1Europe课时作业(十三)(含解析)外研版必修3

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Module 1 Europe 课时作业(十三)
建议时间/30 分钟 Ⅰ.阅读理解
A 词数:237 话题:旅游 文体:应用文
WheretogoinAugust? InEurope Augustistheheightofthepeakseason!Millionsofholidaymakersfromaroundtheworldinv adethebeachesandcountrysideofSouthernEurope.Theclimateisgreatfortravelforjust aboutthewholeofthecontinentwithjustafewareasaffectedbyextremeheat. ThenorthofEuropeislovelyduringthismonthandsummeristheidealtimetovisitthosecou ntriesthataregenerallyconsideredalittlecoldanddampsuchasIrelandorHolland. InAsia Thisseasonisconsideredtheleastfavourable.Themonsoon(季 风)seasonisatitsheightoverthemajorityofthisareawiththeexceptionofonlyafewcoun tries(KeralaorTamilNaduinIndia,BaliandthesouthernislandsofIndonesia,etc.).Eve rywhereelseahot,andverydampclimateprevails(盛行). InAfrica TheMaghrebcountriesarecrowdedwithtourists.Theclimateishotanddry.TheAtlanticco astofMoroccoispleasantthankstotheoceaninfluence.Furthertothesouthitistherainy seasonanditisonlyalongthelatitude(纬 度)ofKenyaandTanzaniathattheclimatebecomesfavourabletovisitors. InAmerica Thenorthisgenerallyhotanddry(sometimesextremelyhotinthedesertstowardsthewesto ftheUSA).CentralAmericaexperiencesashortrainyseasonatthistimebuttowardsthesou ththeconditionsaremorefavourable. Tobeavoided: AlthoughJulyandAugustarefavourabletotravel“climatically”

speaking,itisoftennotsopleasantwhenitcomestoquietnessandprices.Thevastmajorit

iesofEuropeancountrieshavetheirmainholidaysduringthisperiodsothehotelsaregene

rallycrowdedandthepriceshighforthemajorityofdestinations.

1.WhichpartmaybethelastchoicefortravellinginAugust?

A.Asia. B.Africa.

C.SouthernEurope. D.SouthernAmerica.

2.Besidesclimate,

cancontributetoyourdisappointmentwhentravelling.

A.hotelprices

B.peacefulenvironment

C.transportationexpenses

D.troublesomeholidaymakers

3.Whatdoestheunderlinedword“invade”inthepart“InEurope”mean?

A.Immigrationto.

B.Visitseparately.

C.Enterinlargenumbers.

D.Attackandoccupy.

Ⅱ.阅读七选五

词数:242 话题:东西方文化差异 文体:说明文

Differentcultures

TheculturesoftheEastandtheWestreallydistinguisheachotheralot. 4

TheoriginoftheEasterncultureismainlyfromtwocountries:ChinaandIndia.Bothofth

etwoculturesaredevelopedbyrivers—theYellowRiverinChinaandtheHinduRiverinIndia.

5

WhenthetwomotherriversgavebirthtotheEasternculture,anotherfamousculturewasb

roughtupontheMesopotamianPlain—

theMesopotamianCivilization.ThiscivilizationlaterondevelopedintotheculturesofAn

cientGreeceandAncientRome. 6

LiketheChineseculture,theEuropeanculturealsocrossedwaters.WhentheBritishsettled

downinAmerica,theirculturewentwiththemovertheAtlanticOcean.SotheAmericanculture

doesn‘tdistinguishfromtheEuropeanculturealot.

Atthesametime,someotherdifferencesaddtotheculturaldifferences.Takethelangua gesystemforexample.IntheEast,mostlanguagesbelongtothepictographiclanguagewhilet heWesternlanguagesaremostlybasedontheLatinsystem.Othercauseslikehumanracediffer encescountaswell.Butwhat ‘smore,duetothefardistanceandthesteepareasbetweentheEastandtheWest,thetwocultu resseldomcommunicateuntilrecentcenturies. 7
Thedifferencesareeverywhere. 8 Butdifferentculturesmaketheworldof21stcenturymorecolourful.Theculturalgapshould notbetheobstacletothecivilizationofhumanbeing.Itoughttobethemotivationofourgoin gfarther. A.Letusworktogethertokeepavarietyofcultures. B.Andthesetwoarewell-knownasthebaseoftheEuropeanculture. C.Oneimportantthingistolearnaboutothercultures. D.Thisisbecausetheculturesystemsaretwoseparatesystemsonthewhole. E.Theyareobviousandaffectpeople‘swaysofthinkingandtheirviewsoftheworld. F.Theyhelpedthetwoculturesdevelopforcenturiesandformtheirownstyles. G.Sotheygrewuptotallyintheirownwayswithalmostnointerferencefromtheother. Ⅲ.完形填空
词数:305 话题:帮助他人 文体:记叙文 LeslieMorissette‘sson,Graham,was6yearsoldwhenhewasdiagnosedwithleukemia(白 血病).ThroughoutGraham‘s 9 inthehospital,Grahamconnectedwitheveryonehemet,from 10 patientstoyoungerchildren.“Hewould 11 othersickchildrenhistoysoractsillytomakethemlaugh,”Morissettesaid.“Graham ‘sspecialspiritiswhatkeptmegoing.Hegavemetheenergyandthe 12 tofightwithhim.” In1997,whenhewas8yearsold,Grahampassedaway.
13 byhowGrahamlivedhislifecaringaboutothers,Morissette 14 thenon-profitGrahamtasticConnectioninhishonour.Theorganizationprovidesfreetechn ology—includingcomputers,iPads,androbots—forchildren 15 cancerandotherseriousillnesses.

OneofthemajorgoalsofMorissette‘sworkisto 16 kidstotheirclassrooms,whichreallyhelpsthemcontinuetheir 17 despitehospitalizationsanddays 18 fromschool.
Therobots“transport”childrenrightintotheclassroominrealtime.Theycan 19 therobotsrightfromtheir 20 bedorhome.Ifachildisunabletoattendschool,theycan 21 logontotheirtabletorlaptopandcallintotherobot.Theycan 22 upanddowntheschoolpaths.Theycangotolunchwiththeir 23 .Therealmagichappensbetweenclasses,whenthey ‘rewalkingdownthehallwaywiththeirfriends,byrobot, 24 theirweekendandtheirfavouritefoodsandotherthings.It ‘sgreattechnologythatreallygiveschildrenthefeelingofcontrol,whentheirworldisma ybe 25 control.
“EverytimeIcanhelpachildinneed,Ifeel 26 Grahamissmilingdown,” Morissettesaid.“IbelievethatGraham‘s 27 livesonintheworkthatIdo.AndI‘m 28 andprivilegedtobeabletodoitinhishonour.” 9.A.surgery B.treatment C.vacation D.rest 10.A.elderly B.sleepy C.deadly D.naughty 11.A.buy B.charge C.return D.lend 12.A.focus B.strength C.resource D.attention 13.A.Confused B.Depressed C.Inspired D.Worried 14.A.left B.visited C.benefited D.founded 15.A.causing B.curing C.battling D.preventing 16.A.connect B.force

C.invite D.throw 17.A.career B.education C.struggle D.business 18.A.missed B.stopped C.suffered D.graduated 19.A.operate B.build C.steal D.separate 20.A.flower B.river C.hospital D.hotel 21.A.hardly B.accidentally C.simply D.luckily 22.A.drive B.jump C.climb D.walk 23.A.parents B.friends C.doctors D.patients 24.A.talkingabout B.puttingoff C.dependingon D.thinkingof 25.A.under B.within C.awayfrom D.outof 26.A.evenif B.asthough C.incase D.sothat 27.A.success B.joy C.love D.fortune 28.A.angry B.sad C.careful D.proud
课时作业(十三) Ⅰ.【文章大意】“八月到哪里去旅游?”欧亚美非的旅游胜地都在等着你。在这则旅游广告 中作者介绍了几个大洲的旅游胜地。

1.A 推理判断题。根据 InAsia 中“Thisseasonisconsideredtheleastfavourable.”可知, 八月不适合去亚洲旅游,故选 A。 2.A 细节理解题。根据 Tobeavoided 中“AlthoughJulyandAugustarefavourabletotravel ‘climatically’speaking,itisoftennotsopleasantwhenitcomestoquietnessandprices.” 可知,酒店的价格可能会让你在旅行时感到失望。故选 A。 3.C 词义猜测题。根据 InEurope 中 “Augustistheheightofthepeakseason!Millionsofholidaymakersfromaroundtheworldinv adethebeachesandcountrysideofSouthernEurope.”可知,八月是旺季的高峰,来自世界各地 的数百万游客涌入南欧的海滩和乡村。根据句意可知此处 invade 的意思是“大量地进入”, 故选 C。 Ⅱ.【文章大意】本文是说明文,介绍了东西方文化的起源及发展和它们之间的差异。 4.D 下文都与两种不同的文化体系有关,说明这是造成文化差异总的原因,而 D 项(这是因 为东西方文化系统总体上是两个独立的系统)内容与下文内容相对应。故选 D 项。 5.F 根据“Bothofthetwoculturesaredevelopedbyrivers— theYellowRiverinChinaandtheHinduRiverinIndia.”可知,中国的母亲河是黄河,而印度的 则是印度河。F 项(它们帮助两种文化发展了几个世纪,形成了自己的风格)与上句为承接关 系,故选 F 项。 6.B 另一种文化孕育于美索不达米亚*原——美索不达米亚文明,即后来的古罗马文化和 古希腊文化。B 项(这两种文化作为欧洲文化的根基而闻名)与上文相对应,故选 B 项。 7.G 根据上一句“Butwhat ‘smore,duetothefardistanceandthesteepareasbetweentheEastandtheWest,thetwocultu resseldomcommunicateuntilrecentcenturies.”可推知,沟通很少的结果是这两种文化各自 成长。分析选项可知 G 项(它们完全以自己的方式成长,几乎没有互相干涉)符合题意,故选 G 项。 8.E “Thedifferencesareeverywhere.”这一句提到的是原因。因此本句提到的是这些差 异很明显并且影响人们的思考方式和世界观。分析选项可知 E 符合题意。 Ⅲ.【文章大意】本文是一篇记叙文,主要讲述一个人在儿子患白血病逝世后,化悲痛为力量, 创建非营利性组织,帮助他人的故事。 9.B 根据上文“LeslieMorissette ‘sson,Graham,was6yearsoldwhenhewasdiagnosedwithleukemia(白血病).”,并结合语境

“inthehospital”可知,Graham 因为患病在医院接受治疗,故选 B。surgery 外科手 术;treatment 治疗;vacation 假期;rest 休息。 10.A 与语境“youngerchildren”呼应可知,从老到少的病人,Graham 都进行了接触,故选 A。 elderly 年龄大的,老的;sleepy 昏昏欲睡的;deadly 致命的;naughty 淘气的。 11.D 根据语境可知,Graham 会把自己的玩具借给其他生病的小朋友玩或者扮傻去逗他们 笑,故选 D。buy 买;charge 收费;return 归还,返回;lend 借出。 12.B 与语境“theenergy”呼应可推知,Graham 的这种精神给予 Morissette 力量与他一起 战斗,故选 B。focus 中心点,焦点;strength 力量;resource 资源;attention 注意。 13.C 根据上文“‘Graham‘sspecialspiritiswhatkeptmegoing.’”可推知,Morissette 被 Graham 的精神所激励,故选 C。confuse 使迷惑;depress 使抑郁;inspire 激励;worry 担 忧。 14.D 根据语境“non-profitGrahamtasticConnection”可知,此处表示创立一个组织,与下 文“Theorganization”呼应,故选 D。leave 离开;visit 参观,拜访;benefit 使受益;found 建立。 15.C 与上文“‘Hegavemetheenergyandthe…tofightwithhim.’”呼应可知,这个组织是 帮助患病的孩子们同癌症或其他严重疾病做斗争的,故选 C。cause 引起;cure 治疗;battle 战斗,斗争;prevent 阻止。 16.A 根据下文“Therobots‘transport’childrenrightintotheclassroominrealtime.” 可知,Morissette 工作的主要目标之一是把孩子们和学校联系在一起,帮助他们继续学业, 故选 A。connect 连接,联系;force 强迫;invite 邀请;throw 扔。 17.B 结合语境“totheirclassrooms”可推知,患病的孩子们因为需要就医,因此学业就会 被耽误,所以 Morissette 来帮助他们继续接受教育,故选 B。career 职业;education 教 育;struggle 挣扎;business 生意。 18.A 因为住院就医,于是患病的孩子们错过了许多上学的日子,故选 A。miss 错过,想 念;stop 停止,阻止;suffer 受苦,遭受;graduate 毕业。 19.A 与语境“therobots”呼应可知,机器人是被操纵的,故选 A。operate 操作,控制;build 建立,建造;steal 偷;separate 隔离。 20.C 根据上文“Therobots‘transport’childrenrightintotheclassroominrealtime.” 可推知,孩子们可以在病床上或者家里操纵机器人,与下文 “Ifachildisunabletoattendschool,theycan…

logontotheirtabletorlaptopandcallintotherobot.”呼应,故选 C。flower 花;river 河;hospital 医院;hotel 宾馆。 21.C 根据语境可推知,这些机器人操纵起来很简单,故选 C。hardly 几乎不;accidentally 偶然地,意外地;simply 简单地;luckily 幸运地。 22.D 根据语境“theschoolpaths”可推知,这些机器人可以在学校的小路上走来走去,与下 文“…whenthey‘rewalkingdownthehallwaywiththeirfriends…”呼应,故选 D。drive 驱 动;jump 跳;climb 攀爬;walk 走路,散步。 23.B 根据下文“…whenthey‘rewalkingdownthehallwaywiththeirfriends…”可知,它们 还可以和朋友们一起去吃午餐,故选 B。parent 父亲(或母亲);friend 朋友;doctor 医 生;patient 病人。 24.A 根据语境“…theirweekendandtheirfavouritefoodsandotherthings.”可推知,此处 指和朋友们在一起谈论各种他们感兴趣的事情,故选 A。talkabout 谈论;putoff 推 迟;dependon 依靠,依赖于;thinkof 想起。 25.D 与语境“It‘sgreattechnologythatreallygiveschildrenthefeelingofcontrol…” 形成对比和呼应可推知,孩子们的世界因为患病而失控,故选 D。under 在下面;within 在里 面;awayfrom 远离;outof 脱离,离开。 26.B 根据语境可知,此处表示好像的含义,因为 Graham 已经去世了,故选 B。evenif 即 使;asthough 好像;incase 万一;sothat 因此。 27.C 根据上文“…byhowGrahamlivedhislifecaringaboutothers,Morissette… thenon-profitGrahamtasticConnectioninhishonour.”可推知,Morissette 认为 Graham 对 他人的关爱继续存在于她所做的工作中,故选 C。success 成功;joy 快乐;love 爱;fortune 财富。 28.D 根据上文可知,Morissette 为了纪念儿子而成立了帮助其他患者的非营利性组织,由 此可推知,她感到骄傲和自豪,与语境“privileged”呼应,故选 D。angry 生气的;sad 难过 的;careful 小心的,仔细的;proud 骄傲的。




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