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博士班研究生入学手册

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School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy College of Medicine National Taiwan University

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Postgraduate Student Handbook (Doctor of Philosophy in Physical Therapy)

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(critical thinking)?A¨??à?H?ì??¤è?k?]-p

???z?v????¨s¤è?k?? ???{s???G 428 M1120 ±?????v?G?ù?????]?D±??^B±??L?t ?D?P¨B±??????{??§}?G http://Ceiba3.cc.ntu.edu.tw/428_m1120 ?D±???v?ì¤????P?q???G?ù???????v?ì¤??? (317?? )?A 33228136 ???{???úG?????{¤???°ò??z?v????¨s¤è?k?A¨???????°óQ×?P§@·~?m???A¨?????¤F ?????e???z?v????¨s??°ì?A§??X??¨s?D?D?B?????????B?]-p??¨s¤è?k?C ±???????G-×???????b??§?????{???A???à 1. ????¤F?????????zv??§°ò???¨sèk??`·N????C 2. ?pó?M¨D???zv?????? ?A §?P¤????m ???F???^?U??? ?ê°T¨?·??C 3. ????¤F???pó§?X??¨s°??D?·Nq?C 4. ????¤F??°???§?S????pó???C

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°?????z?v?????????P?ê?? ???{s???G 428M1110?B 428M1200 ±??????v?G?G???? (?D±? ) ?B§d-^?L?B-J?W??¤???Q?? ?D±????v?ì¤????P?q???G?G???????v?ì¤??? ?G?????{D-n?O¤???????z?B???z?v???{§?????¤?????P?B§P?_?????~ ???{??ú ?× ¤??? ?A?{??¨??§@±`??¤§???z?v?????? ?褧??·? ????¨à°?§@?o?i?B?B?B?B?B?H¤? ???? ???\?à???? °??ú?????? ???`?°??×???? ·P?±?P?k?h???? )?A¨??B????¤@?????z?v??????¤è?k?i?C ???????????¤§?ê?? ±???????G ?????b-ק??????{¤?á?A???à°÷ 1.¤F?????z?v??????¤§?????P¤????F 2.¤F?????z?v???????~?è??§P?_??·??F 3.§P?_±`?????z?v?????????~?è?F 4.????????{?±??¤§°ò-ì?z?A?N¨?????줧???z?v???{§??????i??¤p ??¤§???????ê???A¨?°Q?×??u???I?P??¨???§??i¤§è?V?C

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428 M1310 ?B??¨t???é±??v 307 ???^ ?????{?t??¤??e?[?\P???z?v??¤?°·±d?A?à????¤§?¨s?D?D 1. ¤F????·í?N???zv???U??°ì??????¨s?????? 2. ?o?i??¨???s??¤è?V?F 3. ?M¨D?P??L?°ì??y?X§@???÷·|?C ?A 33228142

±M?D°Q?פ@?B¤G?B?| ???{s???G 428 M1300?B 428 M1320?B 428 M1340 ???{·§-n?J?????{¤??e?[?\??z?v??????¤§·í?N??¨s·§?p?P??¨?¤§??s?? ???{?????J?????b-×???????{?á?A??¨???H¤U?à¤O 1. ?W?[?????z?v???U??°ì?????¨s¤§?A???F 2. ?[±j?P°ò??????B?{§????????y?P?X§@¤§?àO?C

10

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408 D0390 (2 credit hours, required) Ming-Hsia Hu (principal instructor), Ying-Tai Wu, Suh-Fang Jeng, Jau-Yih Tsauo Room 312, No. 17, XuZho Road; 33228137 In order to ensure quality patient care, physical therapy service should be based on clinically relevant scientific evidences. The purpose of this course is to equip the students with the ability to practice with the best available evidence. This course is organized as the paired course for the "Physical Therapy Clinical Decision-Making." Both coursed are required courses for the doctoral students enrolled into the Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy at the National Taiwan University. At the end of this semester, the students should be able to 1. Understand the scope and define the evidence-based physical therapy in health care system. 2. Execute steps necessary to provide physical therapy service with best evidences, including forming the questions, searching for evidences, conducting meta-analysis for systematic reviews, evaluate the evidence, etc. 3. Exercise evidence-based physical therapy from the aspects of diagnosis, outcome, therapy and harm. 4. Exercise writing up of a clinical guidelines in the format of Hook on Evidence by American Physical Therapy Association.

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428 D0020 Jau-Yih Tsauo (principal instructor), Ying-Tai Wu, Hua-Fang Liao, Ming-Hsia Hu Dr. MC Yang Rm. 323, tel: 33228130 This course is given to help students understand the methods for quantitative synthesis in medicine, including decision analysis and cost-effective analysis, and be able to perform such analyses independently. At the end of this semester, the students should be able to: 1. Understand the role of decision analysis and cost-effective analysis in medical (physical therapy) practice. 2. Understand the variables in a cost-effective analysis 3. Execute a cost-effective analysis (with hypothetic data)

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(311?? )?A 33228138 The course trains students’ ability to grab information from research papers and through discussion, they can find weak points from others’ studies. At the same time, the course provides chance for students to design their own research project and practice to write a formal research paper. After completing this course, the students would be able to 1. Know the form of research paper writing. 2. Point out advantages and disadvantages of research papers. 3. Design a complete research project. 4. Learn how to put your research project idea into words and write a project report.

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428 D0100 (326?? )?A 33228127 The course includes the following contents— biomechanics of upper and lower extremities and spine. The current orthopaedic treatments for those joints and the design considerations for their related instrument and replacements are introduced. Finally, the applications of engineering research tools, such as finite element analysis and mathematical modeling, for those joints are also introduced. After completing this course, the students would be able to: 1. Understand the biomechanical applications in human weight bearing joints. 2. Understand the biomechanical applications in joint replacements and spinal instruments. 3. Understand the applications of finite element analysis and mathematical modeling in orthopaedic research.

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428 D0110 (?D±? )?BtvBvBavBv ¤??}? ??? ? ????¤??] ? ?Q??? ??? ? ???¨ ?§?? (310?? )?A 33228139

A. Orchestrating different experimental approaches form molecular to behavior level in pain science. B. Integrating and interacting with basic and clinical pain science. 1. to design translational researches in applying the findings from basic cellular and molecular mechanism of chronic muscle pain to the treatment of patients with chronic and diffused muscle pain. 2. to identify clinical significance and issues for the design and aims with experimental approaches.
12

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: ¤??Q?????v?ì¤??? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. ±?°Q???????z?]¤l ?A????°?????-M???¤??????é??÷±?????F ?\???P??z?]¤l ?H?ê??????¤§????±?°Q????v???]?pW-?i^?{??GF ???z?×±?°Q?¨???v???????o?i?C (??°? (??°? )¤zoiF ?ì-§ ? ? ? )????¤§?ó??°ì?????z?פ??F

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°????B???z??¤@ ???{s???G 428 D0130 ±?????v : §d-^?L?]?D±??^ ?B¤??Q???B¤??×?o?B¤???°ê?B±i???p???v ?D±????v?ì¤????P?q???G§d-^?L???v?ì¤??? ???{???ú : ?????{¤??e?[?\?G 1. ?B°?????¤§???g?B??×?B?I§l?B?`?????z???M¨??L-?n???D¤§±?°Q?F 2. ¤??P¤§±??s¤§?B°???¤????B?B°?V?m·??h?B°V?m???G¤?¨??÷??C ???{?????G?????b?????{?????á?A??¨???H¤U?à¤O?G 1. ?`¤J?A???B°???z??§?U?h-±?¨????F 2. ±?°Q¤??P§??s?B???????V?m·??h??G?¨??÷?F 3. ????????¨??????¤§?m????C °????B°????z??¤G ???{s???G 428 D0140 ±?????v : §d-^?L?]?D±??^ ?B?B???z?B§d?B?B??¤j?B¤??×?o?????v ??¤??? ±? ???? ?à?÷?? ?¨ ?D±????v?ì¤????P?q???G§d-^?L???v?ì¤??? ???{???ú : ?????{¤??e?[?\?G 1. ??×???z?B?B°????i?B?B°?¤???c?B?{§??B°????z????-?n???D?F ?? ?? ?? 2. ??±`¤H?P?f±w¤§?B°???¤????B?B°?V?m·??h?B°V?m???G¤?¨??÷??C ???{?????G?????b?????{?????á?A??¨???H¤U?à¤O?G 1. ?`¤J?A???B°???z??§?U?h-±?¨????F 2. °V?m???G?B??·??h ¤§°????? ?]??±`?P?fA^ ?Q????s ¤?¨??÷??F 3. ????????¨??????¤§?m????C

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428 D0090 http://Ceiba.cc.ntu.edu.tw/428_m1120 ?B???}????v?B?L?~?????v?B???M?????v?B???üf???v (317 ?? )?A 33228136 1. Be able to demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of the concepts and processes involved in the development, administration, analysis and interpretation of developmental tests for children. 2. Be able to understand and evaluate the common assessments in early intervention, and to use the tests in clinics properly. 3. Be able to conduct a study to examine the reliability and validity of a developmental related test. 4. Be able to develop a simple test for the PhD student.

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428 D0060 Ming-Hsia Hu (principal), Pei-Fang Tang Room 312, No. 17, XuZhou Road; 3322-8137 This course is an elective course designed for the doctoral students in physical therapy. Students of other disciplines who are interested in movement sciences are welcomed. The main objectives are to familiarize students to the motor control and motor learning research on theory development and clinical applications. The content of this course will include history and recent advancement of movement science, concepts of clinically applicable theories of movement, evidences of effectiveness and efficacy of theory-based clinical research on motor recovery. The course on Neurophysiological Basis of Motor Control and Motor Learning compliments this course and will provide students a fuller understanding of movement science. At the end of this semester, the students should be able to: 1. Describe the history and recent advancement of motor control and motor learning theories. 2. Understand the concepts and implications of common clinical theories of motor control and motor learning, such as the reflex-hierarchical theory, systems theory, action-perception theory, Schema theory, and so forth. 3. Familiar with evidences derived from motor control and motor learning clinical studies, and discuss the implications on clinical management. 4. Acquire basic understanding of advancements in technology and basic neuroscience research and understand the potential impacts from these fields to the study of motor control and movement learning.

15

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: 428 D0040 : Ming-Hsia Hu (principal), Kwan-Hwa Lin, Ying-Tai Wu, Hui-Ming Chai Room 312, No. 17, XuZhou Road; 3322-8137 This course is an elective course designed for the doctoral students in physical therapy. The main objectives are to introduce the long term care system, the role of physical therapists in long-term care system, and the effects of physical therapy for long-term care clients. The content of this course will include long term care and community care systems in Taiwan and in other countries, resource and finance issues of long term care, physical therapy management for long term care clients in the institution, in the community, and at home, effects of physical therapy for long-term care clients. At the end of this semester, the students should 1. Understand the definition of long term care and community care and the team proach concept in long term care 2. Understand the role of physical therapists in long term care 3. Obtain current knowledge about physical therapy management forrm care clients. 4. Discuss and design appropriate physical therapy management principles for long term care clients. 5. Discuss the effects of physical therapy in institutional, community or home physical therapy 6. Obtain basic understanding of manpower and financial issues related to physical therapy in long term care.

16

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32

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35

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36

3. ¨ ü ? f ¤ § ? ? ? ? - p ? e ? ° ? ? ? X - p ? e ? ? ¨ ? ¤ l - p ? e ? A? ? ? e - ? ? ° ? ? ? ? ? X - p ? e ? ? ¨ ? ¤ l -p?e¤§?D?ù¤H?B?@ P??¨ó?P?D?ù¤H?C 4. ¨ ? ? L ? g ? ? · | ¨ M ? ? ? ? ÷ ? u ? ? ? C ?]¤G?^ ?ó¤U?C±?§?o¤??÷?u?A??¤?±o°??P?í¨M?G 1. ¨ ü ? f ? ? ? ? - p ? e ¤ § ? D ? ù ¤ H ? B ? @ P ? ? ¨ ó ? P ? D ? ù ¤ H ? ° ? e - ? ? ? ? ? ¤ - ? ~ ¤ ? ? A ? ? ? ü ??????¤h?פ? §????????¤h?á??¨s-??C 2. ¨ ü ? f ? ? ? ? - p ? e ¤ § ? D ? ù ¤ H ? B? @ P ? ? ¨ ó ? P ? D ? ù ¤ H ? ? e ° U ¤ H ? ? ? ° ? e - ? ¤ § ? ? ? ? ¤h?פ?????¨s-p?e?ü?????C 3. ¨ ü ? f ? ? ? ? - p ? e ¤ § ? D ? ù ¤ H ? B ? @ P ? ? ¨ ó ? P ? D ? ù ¤ H ? ° ? e - ? ¤ § ? P ? ì ? P ¤ ? ? C 4. ¨ ? ? L ? g ? e - ? · | ¨ M ? ? ¤ ? ± o ° ? ? P ? í ¨ M ? ? ? C ?]¤T?^ ?e-??P??°|??????-p?e?e°U¤H¤§U?C???Y?A?????S¤§?G 1. ? u ? ? ? ? ? Y ? C ? ? ? ? ° | ¤ ? H - ? ? A ¤ ? ? · ? ? ? S ? C 2. ¤ ? ? ~ ¤ § ? U ° ? ? C 3. ° ] ? ? ? ¨ ? ? ? p ? C 4. ? ? ¤ H ? B ° t ? ? P ¤ T ? ? ? ? H ¤ ? § ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ° | ? ? ? ? ? ? - p ? e ? ° U ¤ H § ? ? ê ? C 5. ¨ ? ? L ? ? ° j ? × ¤ § Q ? q ? ? ? ? ? C ?]?|^ ¨??e-?¤§?S?í±M·~????¤??g?A-Y¨?°j?×±N-P??·|??H?°?A·í¤§¨M?w?A±o ?? ?? ?g??·|¨M??¤??·?°?@??¤???G??¤§°j?×?A?????ó·|?°O???ü?ú¤§?C ?]¤-^ ??¤@??¤???T??¤§?e°U¤H?°?k¤H?A?e-??P???e°U¤H¤§???Y±o¨??P¨? ????é?? -t?d¤H¤§???Y?{?w¤§?C ¤E?B -p?e?D?ù¤H???¨?¤U?C¤??ó?A?g???·|?f?d?G ?]¤@?^ ¤H?é???-p?e?f?d???????C ?]¤G?^ ?ù?ú????B¤é??§????-p?e??¤?????§??m?P???ó?C ?]¤T?^ -p?e???K-n?B·§-n??????-p?e?y?{???C ?]?|?^ -??×??§i?í?B¤é?x?d?P¨??L¨? ü????¨???¤§°?¨÷?C ?]¤-^ -Y?????A¤?????§???~?A????¨?????????¤??~?w?B???z?B?s???B ???? ?r?z??¤§????K-n?A¤?????????~??·s?{§??????K-n?]?p??·s??¤§???? ?D?ù¤H?ê????¤??U?B¤w?o?í¤§???????????~?S??¤§?K-n?^ ?]¤?^ -p?e?D?ù¤H¤§??·s?i?ú?C ?]¤C?^ ?l?????b¨ü????¤§èk?C ?]¤K?^ ¨ú±o¨?°O??¨ü?????P·N¤§?y?{±?-z?C ?]¤E?^ ??¨?¤????b¨ü????¤§??-±?P¨??L§???¤?ê°T?C?A¨??H???b ???ù?ú??¤?é?? ¨ü?????à?z??¤§?y¤??°§?F??-n???A±o?H?L???y¤??°§?C ?]¤Q^ ?H???b¨ü?????à?z??¤§?y¤??????g¤§¨ü?????P·N?A?F?? ?? ¨??ù?ú???¤?é?? -n???A±o?H?L???y¤??°§?C ?]¤Q@?^???ó¨ü?????U?????v¤§?n?ú?A?]?A?O??¤?X¤?????·??U?C ?]¤QG?^????·l?`???v¤??O?I¤§???úC ?]¤QT?^?P·N?í?u????¨?°ò???¤§?n?ú?C ?]¤Q?|^????-?z°??D¤§±?-z?C

?C

37

???b¤?????D???÷????¨??L¤H?é????e-?·|???X???P-p?e ¨??f?d???ì ?A ????-p?e??°?¤§-?n¨M?w?C?p?°¤???-???n¨D-ק?????p?e??¤§¨M?w?A ?????¤???-?§?z????-n¨D-ק?¤??e?C ¤Q?B ??·|??¨??U????¨?¤U?C?W?w¤§?{§??i???f?d?G ?]¤@?^ ??¨????X¤§?×?ó·??l?}·|???C ?]¤G?^ ·|???}?l?e?A?D?u???????e-????S§Q?q°j?×-ì?h¤§????¨????C ?]¤T?^ ·|???l?}?e?A????¤?e-??R¤??????w???f?\?????ê???C ?]?|^ -p?e?D?ù¤H?B?@?P??¨ó?P?D?ù¤H??????e°U¤H±o?C?u???ú????-p?e?A???N ?S?w???D?i???????C ?]¤-^ ??·|?ó?f?d?A±o????-? ?×?ó? ?z?B?k?B?S?w??????°ì??¨??L??°ì¤§±M?a?A ?? fwNAWHHzNApO ??? ± ?é??? ???í? ???á? ¤???? ? ?????ì¨?- -??± ?? · ??¨ ?±? ¨ ? ±K¨ó?w?C ?]¤?^ ?e-?±o??±??P¨ì???-z???i??°Q?×?C ¤Q @?B ?f?d-??I???]?A¤U?C?????G (¤@ ) - p ? e ? ] - p ? P ° ? ? ? ¤ è - ± ? G 1. ? ? ° | ¤ § ? A · í ? ? ? A ? ] ? A ¨ ? ? ? ¨ ? ¤ H - ? ? B ? ] ? I ? B ¤ ? ? B ? z ? ò ? ? ? ? p ¤ § ? à ¤ O ? C 2. - p ? e ? D ? ù ¤ H ? ? ? ê ? ? ¤ ? ? g ? ? ¤ § ? A · í ? ? ? C 3. ? ? ? ? ? ] - p ? P ? ? ? ? ¤ § ? X ? z ? ? ? p ? ???B ? - p ¤ è??]k? ? A ? ? ? ? ? ? - p ? ?¤?§^? X ? z ? ? ¤?¨?? §C¨ü????¤H???F?¨§??A???פ§?i?à???C 4. ? w ? ? - · ? I ? P ? w ? ? ? ? ? q ? ? ? ? ¤ § ? X ? z ? ? ? C 5. ? ? ? ? ? ? · ? ? ? ¤ § ? X ? z ? ? ? C 6. ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ? ? ? e ° h ? X ? ? ? ? ¤ § ± ? ? ó ? C 7. ? ? ° ± ? ? ¤ ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ± ? ? ó ? C 8. ? ? ? ú ? P ? ] ? ? ? ? ? ? ? i ? ? ¤ § ? W ? w ? O § _ ? R ¨? ?F ?O§_???¨?ê???w?????ú?e-?·|?C 9. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? G ¤ § ? ? § i ? ? ? o ? í ¤ è ? ? C (¤G ) ? ? ? b ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ¤ § ? ? ? ? ¤ è - ± ? G 1. ? ? ? b ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ? ? ? s ? b ¤ § ? ? ? s ? é ? S ? ?? ] ? ] ? A ? ? § O? B? ~ ? ?? B± ? ¨ | ? { ? ×? B¤ ? ¤ ? ? B ?g?????A¤???±??W·??^ ?C 2. ? ? ? ì ± ? ? ? ? P ? l ? ? i ? ? ¤ § è ? ? C 3. ± N ? ? ? ? ? ê ° T ? ? ? F ¤ ? ? ? ? b ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ¤ § è ? ? C 4. ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ? ? ¤ J ± ? ? ó ? C 5. ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ± ? ° ? ± ? ? ó ? C (¤T ) ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ¤ § · ? ? @ ¤ è - ± ? G 1. ? ? ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ¤ ? ? z ¤ ? ? ? · | ? h - ± ¤ § ? ? ù ? C 2. ? ° ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ¨ ú ? P ? ? ? ? ° ± ? ? · ? ? v ? ? ¤ § ? X ? z ? ? ? C 3. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ¤ ? ? ? ? ? ? á ? A ? ? ¨ ? ü ? ? ? ? ¤ § ? ? ? ? · ? ? @ ? C 4. ? ? ? ? ? L ? { ¤ ? A ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ? ? ? @ ° h ? X ? ? ? A ± N ? ¨ ú ¤ § ¨ B ? J ? C 5. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ~ ? ? ? ? ¨ ? ? ? ? B ? ò ? ? ¨ ? ? ? ¤ ? ? · O ¨ ? ? ? ¤ § ? ? · ? ? C 6. ? ó ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ? P · N ¤ U ? A ? q ? ? ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ? a x ? ? ? v ¤ § ? { § ? ? C

?]¤Q-^

38

7. - p ? e ? § ? ? á ? A ? ? ¨ ? ü ? ? ? ? ? ~ ò ¨ ú ± o ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ~ ¤ § - p ? e ? C 8. ° ? ? [ ? ? ? ? ? ? ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ° ] ? ? ? p ¤ § ? i ? à ? v ? T ? C 9. ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ¤ § ? ? § U ¤ ? ? ? ? v ? C 10. ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ? ] ° ? ? P ? ? ? ? ? ? ¨ ü ? ? ? B ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ¤ ` ? ? ¤ § ? ? ? v ? P ? v ? ? ? C 11. ? ? ? v ¤ ? ? O ? I ¤ § ? w ± ? ? C (?| ) ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ? ? ¨ p ¤ § ? O ? @ ¤ è - ± ? G 1.° O ? ü ? i ? à ± ? ? ? ¨ ü ? ? ? ? - ? ¤ H ? ê ? ? ? ] ? ? A ¨ ? ? ? ? ? ° O ? ? ¤ ? ? ? ? é ? ^ ¤ § H ? C 2.? ° ? T ? O ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ? ? ¨ p ? M - ? ¤ H ? ê ° T ? w ? ? ? ? ± ? ¤ § ± ? ? I ? C ?]¤-?^¨ü?????P·N¤è-±?G 1. ¨ ú ± o ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ? P · N ¤ § ? ? ? ? ? { § ? ? C 2. ? ? ¨ ? ü ? ? ? ? ? ? ¨ ? ? X ? k ? N ? z ¤ H § ? ? ? ¤ § ? ? - ± ? ? ¤ f ? Y ? ê ? ? ? C 3. ± N ¤ ? ? à ? ? ¨ ? ? P · N ? ? ? ? ¤ J ? ? ? ? ¤ § ? z ? ? ? C 4. ? ó ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? A ? T ? O ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ¤ ? ? ? ± o ¨ ì ? P ?ê°T?C 5. ? ó ? ? ? ?± ????¨A?ü ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ¨ ? ? N ? z ¤ H § ? ? ° ? ? ? § ? ? D ¨ ? ¤ ? ? H ? ^ ? ? ¤ § ? ÷ ¨??C ¤Q G?B¤U?C?×?ó?A??·|??¨??U??±o-q?w§??t?f?d?{§??i???f?d?G ?]¤@?^ ?g¤ ?????? D???÷??¤?§i±o§??t?f?d???C ?]¤G?^ ?g??-?¤§????-p?e?A?ó??-?????????¤? §·L¤p??§ó???C ¤Q T?B§??t?f?d±o?? D???e-????l?°¤H?ü?w?e-?¤@¤H??¤G¤H?°¤§?A¤?¨ü??¤-?I?W?w ¤§- ¨??C?e??§??t?f?d?×?ó?A?e-?±o?N?í??·|??¨??U????¨??q±`?f?d?{§?¤ ¤§?U?????v?A??¤?±o?°¤???-?¤§¨M?w?C¤???-?¤§¨M?w???g?q±`?f?d?{§??A?? ??·|??¨??U??¨M??¤§?C §??t?f?d¤§???G????????·|??¨??U????§i?????C ¤Q?|?B??·|??¨??U???f?d?×?ó?D?g°Q?×?A¤?±o?w??¨M?w?C¨M?w?e?A?D?u?y?D°???°? ?D????±M·~?e-?¤§·N¨??C ¤Q -?B??·|??¨??U?????ó·|???}?l?e?w?w??¨M¤è?? F???w?w???A?H?h??¨M?°-ì?h?C ?H?í¨M¤è??¨M?w???A??????¨????B¤??B?o??¤§?? ??C ¤Q??B?f?d???G?A±o?°¤U?C¤§¨M?w?A¨??óM?w¤§é°_?A¤Q?|é???-±?q??????¤H?G ?]¤@?^??-? ?]¤G?^-×???á???f ?]¤T?^¤???-? ?]?|^¤????×-ì???§p?e ¤QC ?g¤?????D???÷??¤?§i?T¤??I??¤§H?é??? ??·|??¨??U??¤?±o?°??-?¤§¨M?w?C ?B ?A ¤QK?B?g?°??-?¤§¨M?w?A??§@?¨M?w???ü?ú¤U?C¨????G (¤@ ) ? ? ? ? - p ? e ¤ § ? ? ? ? W ? ? ? B ? ? ? ? ? ] § t - × ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ^ ¤ ? é ? ? ? C (¤G ) ¨ ? ? L ? f ? d ¤ ? ? ó ¤ § ? W ? ? ? B ? ? ? ? ? ] § t - × ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ^ ¤ ? é ? ? ? C (¤T ) ? ? ? ? ¤ H ? m ? W ? C (?| ) ? ? ? ? ? ÷ ? c ? W ? ? ? C (¤- ) ¨ M ? w ¤ § é ? ? ¤ ? ? a ? I ? C (¤? ) ¨ M ? w ¤ § ? ? e ? A ? ] ? A ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? C
39

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(¤C ) ¨ ? ? L ? ? ± a ¤ § ? ? ? ? ? C (¤K ) ? á ? ò ? w ? ? ° l ? ? ¤ § ? { § ? ¤ ? - n ¨ D ? C (¤E ) ? D ? ? e - ? ? ? ? l ? ° ¤ H § ? ± ? W ? C ¤Q E?B§@ ?¨-×???á???f¤§¨M?w???A???ú?T°O?ü??-×??¤§ §??C ¤G¤Q?B§@?¨¤???-?¤§¨M?w???A?????????ú¤???-?¤§?z???C ¤G¤Q @?B??·|????????·??÷¨??A°l???f?d?g??-?????¤§°????i?×?C???g¤ ?????? D ???÷????-??????P?C??-n???A??·|??¨??U??±o¨M?w??????§??ᤧ°l???f?d ???? C ¤G¤Q G?B??·|??¨??U???° ?????·??A???ó¨M?w???ü?ú?P????¤H??¤§?ù?ò·??q¤è?? C ¤G¤Q T?B°l???f?d???ì?z¤U?C¨????G (¤@ ) - q ? w ° l ? ? ? f ? d ¤ § ? e - ? ¤ H ? ? ¤ ? ? f ? d ? { § ? ? C (¤G ) ¨ ? ? ? ? ? - p ? e ? S ? ? ? P ¤ ? ¨ } ¤ ? ? ? ? o ? ? ?-??q A?pw ° l ? ? ? f ? d ¤ § ????B?A° l ¤G¤Q?|?B??¤U?C±?§?¤§ @???A??§Y?I??°l???f?d?G (¤@ ) ¨ ? ? H ? v ? T ¨ ü ? ? ? ? ? v ? q ? B ? w ? ? ? B ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ° ? ? ? ¤ § - p ? e ¤ ? ? e ? ? § ó ? C (¤G ) ? ] ? ? ? ? ° ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ~ ? o ? ? ? ? ? w ? ? ¤ § ? Y - ? ¤ ? ¨ } ?C (¤T ) ?X?{?v?T???§Q?`????¤¨?ó??ê°?C ¤G¤Q -?B°l???f?d¤§¨M?w?? q??????¤H?A¨??ü?ú-ì¨M?w¤§??§ó?B¤ ????פ??A???T ?{-ì¨M?w¤??M?????C ¤G¤Q ??B????¤H?ó¤ ????פ????????A???V??·|??¨??U???q??¨?¤ ????פ?????¤§ -ì?]?A?H¤????????G?C ¤G¤Q C?B????¤H?ó????§??¨???A??±N°???±?§?¤ ???G?H??-±?q????·|??¨??U???A¨? ?? ?°|¨??W?w????¤ ?????? D???÷???????C ¤G¤Q K?B??·|?? W?w?U??¤??ó°O??¤??q°T????¤§?B??¨??H¨?¤??H?[?ù¤é???B?????P ?s?????z¤§?{§??A¨??W?w±??????^¨ú ????U??¤??ó?B???×?P?ê?? w¤§?v?P?{§??C ¤G¤Q E?B??·|???O?s??-±?{§??B?e-??W???B?e-???·~¤??p???W???B°e?f¤??ó?B·|?? °O???B?H?ó?B¤?¨??L?{§??????????ê???????? ???÷???H?????\?C

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40

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-p?e?s?? -p?e?W?? ¤??G -^¤??G (¤¤ -p?e?D?ù¤H ?A°????ì ?p???q?? ?m?W ¨ó?P?D?ù¤H ?A°????ì ?p???q?? ???? ?q¤l?l?ó /-mW ??¤^ ? ) ???? ?q¤l?l?ó

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7. ???~?{§??????O?G ?]?i????^ ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? 8. ???????~°ò??ê???G ???W?G ?s?y?t°??A°ê§O?G ?????o?i???q?G
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43

: ¤??e ?? ? ? ? ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?{§?¤W?¨}????B?zè?k ?e?{§?????°???ê?? ?p?|????¨s¤§·s????·s?????ú¨??{?p¨?????????°ê¤??L?a A ??????§÷ ?A ??-??i???{§?????¤???ú??ó?vL? ¨-¤?W?i?à???§?M?I???P?ò±o¤§Q?q °]?¤W?i?à???§?M?I?P?ò±o¤§Q?q ???????~???????§÷?W??¤???q ?ê??¤§?`?°?B?z?????-p¤??Rèk ? ? ? ? ?????D????ú ????????¤?-I?????ú]??A???z??¤???????m?§i^ ????¤è?k?P?{§? ¨ü??????????·? ?????]-p?P?y?{?]?P?{§????????????÷^ ??????-?P?i?× ¤/-^¤?p?e?W?? ?D-n?ù¤H¤?¨ó?P?D?ù¤H?m?W

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44

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